Glossary

Americans With Disabilities Act  -  The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) is a federal law ensures that Americans with disabilities have equal access to public services and facilities. A provision of the ADA requires that persons with disabilities have equal access to polling locations and the voting process.

Assisted Voter  -  Voters may ask for assistance in marking the ballot because of blindness, disability, or illiteracy. Assisted Voters may have a person of their choice or two precinct election officials (each from a different political party) assist them. The only people who cannot assist a voter are the voter's employer, an agent of the voter's employer, an officer or agent of the voter's union, or a candidate who is on the ballot(R.C. 3505.24).

Attorney-in-Fact  -  Different from a person with a power of attorney, an attorney-in-fact is a person (not necessarily an attorney) of the voter’s choice, who has been designated with the board of elections prior to Election Day and, who may sign all election-related documents on behalf of the voter, in the voter’s presence (R.C. 3501.382).

County Street Directory  -  An alphabetical list of every street or road segment in your county with the corresponding assigned precinct/voting location.

DRE  -  The Direct Recording Electronic Voting System (DRE) does not use a paper ballot. Instead, voters use touch screens, keypads, or push buttons to securely record selections. DRE machines also print a voter verifiable paper record that shows on paper what the machine recorded electronically. This paper record is the official ballot for purposes of a recount and/or post election audit.

Campaigning  -  Campaigning is attempting to persuade people to vote for or against a certain candidate or issue. Activities may include, but are not limited to, the display or distribution of political badges, t-shirts, buttons, literature, newspapers or magazines with political covers, hats, stickers, pins, bags, and so on. Campaigning is prohibited at polling locations within 100 feet of the entrance and within 10 feet of voters waiting in line, if the line extends past the 100 feet.

Election Security  -  In the polling location all voting equipment, ballots, e-pollbooks, if applicable and election records must be stored in such a way that they cannot be tampered with. All actions taken by precinct election officials, observers and others at the polling location must be in public view and must be documented.

Exit Polling  -  A series of questions asked of voters by members of the media and pollsters after the voters have voted. Exit polling must be done in an area that does not impede the flow of voters or interfere with the voting process, but pollsters may be within 100 feet of the entrance to the polling place.

Identification Requirements  -  Ohio Voter Identification Law requires all voters to present valid ID to qualify to vote. To be valid, the ID must show the voter’s name and current address. For identification other than an Ohio-issued driver's license or state identification card, the address must substantially conform to the board of elections’ records. Acceptable forms of ID include: 1. Valid photo ID issued by Ohio or federal government 2. Military ID (DOES NOT HAVE TO HAVE ANY ADDRESS 3. Utility bill 4. Bank statement 5. Government check; 6. Payroll check 7. Other government document

Oath/Payroll Sheet  -  All precinct election officials must complete and sign the Oath/Payroll sheet before opening the polls. The voting location manager must sign before precinct election officials can be paid (R.C. 3501.31).

Observer  -  A person who is officially appointed to observe the election by a political party, five or more candidates or a ballot issue committee recognized by the board of elections pursuant to law as supporting or opposing a ballot issue. The person is allowed to observe in the voting location. Notice of a person’s appointment as an observer must be filed with the board of elections no later than 11 days prior to Election Day. The observer must present a copy of the certificate of appointment to the precinct election official in order to be permitted to observe in a polling location Observers receive an oath from the voting location manager(R.C. 3505.21).

Ohio Revised Code  -  The Ohio Revised Code (R.C.)contains all acts passed by the Ohio General Assembly and signed by the Governor or that became law under the Ohio Constitution without the Governor’s signature. Title 35 of the Ohio Revised Code contains the main provisions of Ohio law dealing with elections.

Poll Book /Poll List  -  A book in which a voter writes his or her own name and address. This may be combined with Signature Poll Book in some counties (R.C. 3505.18(B)).

Polling Location/Polling Place  -  A place provided for residents of a precinct to vote. A polling location may house more than one voting precinct.

Polling Location Forms Supply Kit/Book  -  A container in which all forms are kept for use by Precinct Election Officials on Election Day (R.C. 3501.30).

Polling Location Supply Containers  -  Containers, used in some counties, which hold various materials needed for Election Day.

Precinct Election Officials  -  Qualified elector residing in the county and appointed by the county board of elections to conduct the elections in a polling location in that county (R.C. 3501.01(U); R.C. 3501.22).

Precinct Election Official Manual  -  A manual for precinct election officials that contains procedures and instructions needed to process voters.

Precinct  -  "A district within a county established by the board of elections within which all qualified electors having a voting residence therein may vote at the same polling place. (R.C. 3501.01(Q)).

Precinct Voting Location Guide  -  An electronic or paper record that lists the correct jurisdiction and polling place for either each specific residential street address in the county or the range of residential street addresses located in each neighborhood block in the county. It includes an alphabetical list of every street in each precinct (R.C. 3505.181(E)(1)).

Official Precinct Voter Registration List  -  Contains the name and address of every voter who is properly registered to vote in the precinct. Precinct election officials check off the names of persons as they vote and post the list at 6:30 a.m., 11:00 a.m., and 4:00 p.m. This list also indicates if a voter has requested an absentee ballot (R.C. 3503.23).

Voting Location Manager  -  One of the four precinct election officials who is appointed by the county board of elections to be and is responsible for correctly running the election in the voting location manager's assigned precinct polling place and for qualifying voters, documenting procedures, preparing election records and returns at the end of the day, and transporting with a precinct election official (or employee or appointee of the board of elections) of a different political party the election supplies, materials and/or ballots back to the board of elections after the polls close.

Voting Location Manager Instructions  -  Materials received by the voting location manager from the board of elections that contain election supplies and last minute changes.

Primary Election  -  An election held for the purpose of nominating persons as candidates of political parties for election to offices at a general election, and for the purpose of electing persons as members of the controlling committees of political parties and as delegates and alternates to the conventions of political parties.

Provisional Ballot  -  A ballot given to a voter who claims to be properly registered to vote and whose qualification to vote cannot be immediately established at the precinct voting location. The provisional ballot identification envelope(Form 12-B)completed by a voter is returned to the board of elections office for review and verification after the polls close (R.C. 3505.181; R.C. 3505.182).

Sample Ballot  -  A duplicate copy of the official ballot for each precinct, which is provided to each voting location and is to be posted prominently for voters to view.

Service Animal  -  Animals that are trained to perform tasks for people with disabilities, such as guiding people who have visual impairments, alerting people who have hearing impairments, pulling wheelchairs, alerting and protecting a person who is having a seizure, or performing other special tasks. Service animals are working animals, not pets.

Signature Poll Book  -  A book or list which contains names and addresses of every voter who is registered in the precinct. Every voter who is able to sign his or her name signs the Signature Poll Book before voting. This book allows the precinct election official to know if a voter has requested an absentee ballot, or any special directions needed to process the voter.

Special Election  -  Any election other than a general or primary election.

Supplemental Voter List  -  A listing of voters whose registration or voting status was updated after Signature Poll Books were printed. The Supplemental Voter List is most common in larger counties.

Voter Registration Form  -  A form used by a U.S. citizen to register to vote in an election. An individual must complete the form and mail or deliver it to the board of elections 30 days before the election in order to be eligible to vote in that election (R.C. 3503.14).

Voting Instructions Poster  -  Information for the voter about when and how to cast his or her ballot.

Write-In Candidate  -  A candidate officially certified to be a write-in candidate by the board of elections. The candidate's name does not appear on the ballot, but he or she is eligible to receive votes when a voter writes the candidate's name in the space provided on the ballot. (R.C. 3513.041)

Federal Election  -  Any primary or general election at which a candidate for president, presidential delegates to a party’s nominating convention, U.S. Senator and/or representatives to Congress are elected or nominated. These are generally primary and general elections in even-numbers years.

General Election  -  General elections are held on the first Tuesday after the first Monday in November. General election voters determine who will be elected to represent the people at a given level of government. Federal, state and county candidate elections are held in even-numbered years, while city, village, township, and board of education candidate elections are held in odd-numbered years. State, county, district, or local issues may be on the ballot at any general election.

Voting Rights Information Poster  -  Information for the voter about his or her rights and to whom he or she may turn if he or she feels his or her right to vote has been infringed.

E-pollbook  -  Or "Electronic pollbook" means an electronic list of registered voters for a particular precinct or polling location that may be transported to a polling location.